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The Wikipedia, the enciclopedia libera. Mm-hmm. Punkrock is the name of a style of rock music that culminated between 1976 and 1979, and is the main genre supported by punks, including many subgenres. Among the most important representatives are English groups like Sex Pistols, Damned, The Clash and Stranglers as well as Americans like Ramones, Disfits, Dead Boys and Johnny Thunders & the Heartbreakers.
The origins of this musical genre lie in Detroit Rock in the late sixties, when groups like Mac5 and above all Stooges developed musical forms that abandoned the technical conventions of "classical" rock for expressive forms based mainly on the influence of music, and that were to be found in the late sixties, but also in current musical proto-punk, which was recognized as such only after the punk period, when groups such as New York Dolls, The Stooges, Television, Patti Smith, who had found the punk sounds or the like, belonged to it, even before the first wave of punk or punk 77.
Another pioneering group for Punk 77 are the Ramones, leading representatives of New York garages rock, who since 1974 have developed the sounds of the above-mentioned and surfing-like bands towards simpler and more catchy forms. Punk in the eighties had many diversifications, which took the name Hardcore-Punk, anarchistic Punk or Oi!/Straßenpunk, which primarily aimed at the skinhead-movement.
Currently the term punk rock tends to be commonly used to define any group with rough sounds and effects, the simple term punk is intended to define the groups that were part of the movement of 77 and later.
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The origins of punk rock (a phenomenon also known as punk 77) lie in the experiments of rock bands like The Who, Velvet Underground and New York Dolls, who went through the crucial and fundamental moment in the early 1970s, in Detroit (USA), when a boy named Iggy Pop and other friends formed The Stooges, a rock group with a reputation and economic success lower than that of the first protagonists of punk rock, but playing a key role in the birth of the genre.
The Stooges, in fact, although not characterized by the talent and the technical eclecticism typical of the above bands, become basic under two main profiles. In 1974 the group disbanded, but at that time their influence was already remarkable, especially in the USA. Among all the young fans of Iggy Pop and their companions are Jeff Hyman and John Cummings, two young people from New York who share a passion for rock, who will soon bear the names Joey Ramone and Johnny Ramone, who together with Douglas Glenn Colvin (Dee Dee Dee Ramone) and Tamás Erdélyi (Tommy Ramone) will form the first real punk rock group in music history, the Ramones.
From this moment on, the development of the genre is divided into three main areas: New York, Los Angeles and Great Britain, where the punk rock movement developed. Although some people believe that the birth of punk rock came about thanks to the Stooges, it is more common knowledge that the first volume, Ramones, also known as the "Fast Four", was a name referring to Fab Four.
They were a dirty rock & roller, inspired by classic artists like Rolling Stones and The Who and above all, as I said, Stooges, but raw and less technical, according to some, inspired by garages rock, also a genre that is rather raw and dirty, and other forms of rock & roller like surfing.
Basic to all this was the activity of a small club in Manhattan, the CBGB, where all these bands played very often. The above -mentioned group Television also played very often in the CBGB, although their music is not considered full-fledged punk rock. However, it was particularly important for the emergence of the "aesthetic" punk style.
His debut Horses, which was of great importance for the emergence of punk rock, was released simultaneously (November 1975) with the famous single by Ramones Blitzkrieg Bop. The scene of New York and the East Coast was the first to develop, also thanks to groups previously formed in the same places that inspired and anticipated the punk wave.
Ramones, born in New York in 1974, was among the first to be recognized as punk rock. Other important representatives of American punk rock were Dead Boys, Iggy Pop & The Stooges and others. The upheavals of 1968, the economic crisis and the strong political opposition of the moment are the humus in which the first punk rock bands were born, especially in London.
The main character in the migration from punk rock to Europe was Malcolm McLaren, who returned to London in May 1975 after a brief period as New York Dolls executive, inspired by the environment he had met in New York and the CBGB. He also started performing as a leader in a group called The Swankers, which soon adopted the much better known name Sex Pistols (it was he who chose Johnny Rotten and Sid Vicious).
Immediately the group was quite successful in London, especially in the suburb of Bromley, so the group's first fans were nicknamed Bromley Contingent The main founders of British punk rock at the time were the Sex Pistols, a group with rough rock & pop sounds inspired by their US counterparts, but more rotten, and above all with provocative attitudes that shocked Britain and the world.
The punk that arrived in England had a different effect than in the United States, was music that was scandalous thanks to its provocative attitude and a call to rebellion that often led young people to revolt over a severe economic crisis in the country. In the following months, punk rock bands had grown strongly both in number and popularity, driven by the success of Pistols.
In the Manchester area some of the summer concerts of the Pistols inspired bands like Buzzcocks and the one originally known as Warsaw and later as Joy Division. In Durham Penetration was founded and in Surrey the Jam (very influenced by the Mod-Revival). The following night, members of Sex Pistols and a new British punk rock group, The Clash, attended another Fast Four concert.
These events marked a decisive point in the emergence of English punk rock. In October 1976 it was The Damned who distributed the first punk rock single of an English group under the name New Rose The following month it was Sex Pistols with the single "Anarchy in the U.K.", while Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Damned and The Heartbreakers started the so-called Anarchy Tour in December, a concert series throughout Great Britain.
However, the trip did not have much luck, as after all the reports in the press about the behaviour of the bands and especially their fans many dates were cancelled. Especially the uninteresting fame of punk rock bands was caused by the filming of the Pistols guitarist Steve Jones in a fierce quarrel with a television journalist.
British punk was stylistically different from American punk and led to several important politicized and unpoliticized subgenres that were later developed in Britain, such as the Oi! Anarchist punk and Hardcore English Punk (UK 82). Same subject in detail: L.A. Punk. The last, but no less important, area in which punk rock developed was in and around Los Angeles.
The Californian current differed from the others in its harder sounds and at the same time more politicized lyrics than the East Coastline (a trait of British punk), traits that brought punk to more aggressively streeted American hardcore punk. The founders of the scene include The Germs, followed by the Circle Jerks, The Weirdos, The Dickies, who brought punk to more aggressively street.
The L.A. scene was not only characterized by the hardest punk, but was also the most important area for the development of the first forms of punk music. From the 90s until today it has remained the most fruitful area of the United States, with the explosion of punk revival and more commercially successful genres such as punk rock, punk skin and heavy-core punk music.
The Ramones at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, 2002.