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Father Pio da Pietrelcina - Wikipedia
Since Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.... What? Pietrelcina's Pio, better known as Padre Pio, née Francesco Forgione (Pietrelcina, 25 May 1887 - San Giovanni Rotondo, 23 September 1968), was an Italian presbyter of the Order of Capuchin Friars Minors; the Catholic Church venerates him as a saint and celebrates his liturgical memory on 23 September, the day of his death.
Francis Forgione was born on 25 May 1887 in Pietrelcina, a small town just outside Benevento, from Grazio (called "Orazio") Maria Forgione (1860-1946) and Maria Giuseppa (called "Peppa") di Nunzio (1859-1929). The name Francis was given to him at the request of his mother, who was consecrated to Saint Francis of Assisi. The desire to become a priest was inspired by the knowledge of a brother from Morcone Monastery, Brother Camillus of Sant'Elia in Pianisi, who regularly came through Pietrelcina to collect donations.
Here Fra' Pio had study companions, the little brothers of San Giovanni Rotondo, Clemente, Guglielmo and Leone and, of Roio, Anastasio, who lived in the cell next to his own. The five were students of Father Agostino Lettore da San Marco in Lamis. Father Agostino wrote about Brother Pio as "Serrano": "I met Father Pio as a brother in 1907 when I was studying theology in Serracapriola.
Benevento Cathedral, where Father Pio was ordained priest in 1910. The monks communicated telegraphically with Salvatore Pannullo, parish priest of Pietrelcina, and called Grazio Forgione, parent of Fra' Pio. With his father, Fra' Pio, he went to his village for a health holiday recommended by the doctor who had visited him.
The popularity of Padre Pio and San Giovanni Rotondo grew thanks to word of mouth and the city had to equip itself to receive a growing number of visitors. An initial non-exhaustive report was made by the Capuchin General, who in turn had sent Giorgio Festa.
A large number of doctors visited Padre Pio to make sure that he was not a boaster. 23] The first to study his wounds was Professor Luigi Romanelli, Chief Physician of the Civil Hospital in Barletta, on behalf of his father Superior Provincial, on 15 and 16 May 1919. Two months later, on 26 July, Professor Amico Bignami, Professor of Medical Pathology at the University of Rome, arrived in San Giovanni Rotondo.
In 1920, Father Agostino Gemelli, doctor, psychologist and consultant of the Holy Office, was commissioned by Cardinal Rafael Merry of the Val to visit Father Pio and carry out "a clinical examination of the wounds". The Secretary of the Holy Office, called upon to study the Capuchin's activity, chose the twins, it is accepted, both for his scientific knowledge, and for his special studies on "mystical phenomena" carried out since 1913.
"Therefore, although he went to the Gargano on his own initiative without any ecclesiastical authority having asked him, Gemelli did not hesitate to make his private letter to the Holy Office a kind of unofficial judgment of Father Pio. The twin wanted to make a full statement and meet the monk.
Father Pio showed a united attitude towards the new investigator: he refused the visit and asked for the written permission of the Holy Office. The protests of Father Gemelli were in vain and he thought he had the right to have a medical examination of the stigmata. The monk, assisted by his superiors, conditioned the examination for a permit, which can be requested through the hierarchy, without regard to the testimonies of Father Agostino Gemelli.
Gemelli then made the diagnosis: Father Pio at the celebration of a Mass and briefly called him "psychopathic, self-injurious and deceitful"; his judgments, which, as we have seen, could not count on clinical examination, rejected him, would have strongly influenced the history of the Brother for the authority of the Source. The Holy Office explained to the non condensat de superernaturalitate the facts related to the life of Padre Pio and exhorted the faithful not to believe the brother and not to go on pilgrimage to San Giovanni Rotondo.
The decree was published on 5 July by L'Osservatore Romano, the press organ of the Vatican, and immediately adopted by newspapers around the world. On 15 December 1924, Dr Giorgio Festa asked the ecclesiastical authorities for permission to subject the father to a new clinical examination for a further and more recent study, but he did not receive it.
The monk's investigation ended with the arrival of the fifth conviction sentence (23 May 1931), inviting the faithful not to consider the demonstrations attested by the twins supernatural, but the most loyal followers of Padre Pio did not consider the Rome ban binding. Father Pio was forbidden to celebrate and confess Mass in public.
Padre Pio meets Msgr. Lefebvre at Giovanni Rotondo. Father Carmelo Durante da Sessano tells of a discussion that would have taken place between the Archbishop of Manfredonia Andrea Cesarano and Pope John XXIII, in which the Pope would have been "reassured" about the questions about Father Pio: At that time the local superior of Padre Pio was Padre Rosario da Aliminusa (née Francesco Pasquale, 1914-1983), who held the position of guardian of the parish of St. John Rotondo; Padre Rosario da Aliminusa, permanent guardian of the religious rules, testified in various writings that Padre Pio never failed in his duties of obedience; he also emphasized his theological severity.
On July 30, 1964, the new Pope Paul VI officially proclaimed through Cardinal Ottaviani that Father Pio of Pietrelcina had regained all freedoms in his office. At the same time, many financial activities led by Padre Pio passed into the hands of the Holy See. Father Rosario of Aliminusa, in connection with the appointment - by the Holy See - of Father Clemente of Santa Maria in Punta as Apostolic Administrator, destined to administer the legal and economic situation of the property of the House, was appointed Prosecutor General of the Order of Capuchin Friars Minors, one of the highest offices of the Order, responsible for the function of maintaining relations between the Order and the Holy See, in connection with the appointment by the Holy See of Father Clemente of Santa Maria as Apostolic Administrator, one of the highest offices of the Order, which favoured a recomposition of the friction which was in relation to the management of property between the Order and the Holy See:
Father Pio, in his Testament, used the Holy See as the legatee of all the goods of the house for the alleviation of suffering. On Monday 23 September 1968, at 2:30 a.m., Father Pio died at the age of 81: more than one hundred thousand people from all over Italy attended his funeral.
The preliminary legal practice of the beatification process began a year after the father's death in 1969, but encountered many obstacles overcome by those who had been declared enemies of Father Pio. Dozens of witnesses were heard and 104 volumes of dispositions and documents collected, and in 1979 all the material was sent to Rome to be examined by the experts of John Paul II.
Father Pio was appointed Venerable on January 21, 1990, Blessed on May 2, 1999, and Saint Pio of Pietrelcina in St. Peter's Square on June 16, 2002. The charism of the reading heart manifested itself above all in confessions (Father Pio went on to confess eighteen hours a day: it is estimated that in fifty years he confessed about six hundred thousand people).
Among the many miracles attributed to him is the healing of little Matteo Pio Colella of San Giovanni Rotondo, who celebrated the canonical process that led to his elevation to the altars of San Pio. Among the cases of bilocation that saw him as a protagonist was that of Luigi Orione, who reported that in 1925, while he was in St. Peter's Square for the celebrations in honour of Teresa of Lisieux, Father Pio appeared unexpectedly to him, who in reality had never moved from the monastery where he lived from 1918 to his death.
Generally, the Catholic Church considers a second miracle to be necessary for canonization, after what is necessary for canonization: in the case of Padre Pio, the healing of Matteo Pio Colella, at the time of the facts, as a seven-year-old child born on 4 December 1992 in San Giovanni Rotondo, was considered miraculous.
On the morning of 20 January 2000, while he was at school, Matteo felt bad: his mother Maria Lucia Ippolito took him home, where the symptoms initially appeared as with a normal flu, but in the evening the situation worsened as the child no longer recognized the mother and several purple spots appeared on his body, a typical symptom of disseminated intravascular coagulation (CID).
His father Antonio, urologist of the hospital "Casa Sollievo in Sofferenza", accompanied him to the emergency room of the same hospital, where he was diagnosed with a brilliant bacterial meningitis. A chain of prayer addressed to Padre Pio developed in favour of the child, starting with the parents, the followers of the monk. The mother reported that she had a vision of Father Pio, and Matthew once reported the same from a comforting state, saying that he was accompanied by an old man with a white beard dressed as a monk, whom he recognized as Father Pio, who saw a picture of the holy future.
Father Pio would tell Matteo that he would soon be healed and take him on a flight to Rome. Contrary to a reasonable prognosis, the child began to improve: on 27 January he received a completely normal brain scan, on 31 January (after 10 days) he woke up and on 26 February he was released.
The decree on the alleged miracle was proclaimed on 20 December 2001 in the presence of Pope John Paul II, who went to be canonised on 16 June 2002. a San Giovanni Rotondo. The Neapolitan physician Vincenzo Tangaro, who met Father Pio and watched his hands, wrote in an article published in the morning: "The stains are superficial and have a halo of the characteristic colour of the iodine tincture" and was amazed at the presence of a bottle of commercial black phenolic acid in the monk's cell".
According to Gaeta and Tornielli, the pharmacist's statement would be unreliable because it was actually presented in the Vatican by the Archbishop of Manfredonia Pasquale Gagliardi, who was hostile to Padre Pio. 53 ] In September 2009, at a conference on Padre Pio in San Giovanni Rotondo, Prof. Ezio Fulcheri, Prof. of Pathological Anatomy at the University of Genoa and Prof. of Palaeopathology at the University of Turin, declared that he had instead examined a lot of photographic and documentary material on the stigmata of Padre Pio and explained on this basis: "Cell of San Pio, where he lived from 1943 until his death on September 23, 1968.
In his youth, Father Pio was also afflicted by "asthmatic bronchitis", which he suffered from until his death. 66] In the summer of 1915, the religious had to leave Pietrelcina to do their military service. He had made the military visit in 1907 and had been declared competent, but remained at home with unlimited leave, but was recalled and presented himself on November 6, 1915 in the military district of Benevento and was assigned to the Tenth Health Company of Naples with the serial number 2094/25.
After about a month, he was sent on holiday for 30 days because of the continuing disturbances to which he was exposed. Then it was decided to move it to San Giovanni Rotondo, a village on the Gargano at 600 metres above sea level, where it was relatively cool even in the hot months. After his return he was classified as suitable and destined for the barracks of sale in Naples, where he remained until March 1917, when after a visit to the hospital in Naples he was diagnosed with "pulmonary tuberculosis", which was detected by the radiological examination and sent home with a final holiday.
After the operation, Father Pio underwent radiotherapy, which seems to have been successful in only two sessions. In 1956 he was struck by a severe "exudative pleuritis", a disease radiologically diagnosed by Professor Cataldo Cassano, who personally extracted the serum fluid from his father's body, who lay in bed for four months without interruption.
In his old age the father was tormented by arthritis and arthrosis. A mysterious phenomenon that would manifest itself in Padre Pio's body was the extremely high fever. Otherwise, always during the period of military service, temperatures of up to 52°C would have been recorded in the monk's body.
The first person to accurately measure Padre Pio's body temperature was a doctor from Foggia when the brother was a guest at a local monastery and continued to feel ill. Therefore, he began to methodically measure his father's temperature twice a day and instructed the monastery's superiors to do so even in his absence.
According to Francesco Castelli, Father Lorenzo da San Marco in Lamis, Superior of the Capuchins of San Giovanni Rotondo, who was questioned by the Apostolic Visitor on June 16, 1921, declared that he had repeatedly checked the temperature of Father Pio in the presence of Dr. Francesco Antonio Gina and Dr. Angelo Merla and then found 43° C, 45° C and 48° C.
For example, according to Pier Angelo Gramaglia, although Padre Pio "interpreted the phenomenon as a sign of unusual mystical experiences", "hyperthermia in reality has mostly neuropathological causes and can accompany the emotional reactions of individuals who easily suffer from dissociation states and lose in feverish delirium, which leads in the sense of the boundary between hallucinated fantasy and reality".
On January 6, 2008, during Mass in the Shrine of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Bishop Domenico D'Ambrosio announced that Father Pio's body would be exhumed for canonical enlightenment in April 2008 and then exposed to public worship until September 2009 in view of the fortieth anniversary of his death.
According to the local archbishop, the nails and chin were well preserved forty years after his death, while other parts of the body were visibly removed. From 24 April 2008 to 23 September 2009, Padre Pio's bodywork was displayed in a specially crafted crystal case in San Giovanni Rotondo.
Exhortation of Father Pio of Pietrelcina to his near and distant children...., San Giovanni Rotondo, Ediz. S. Maria delle Grazie, 1959.
Father Pio speaks to you and blesses you from the monastery of S. Maria delle Grazie in S. Giovanni Rotondo, San Giovanni Rotondo, F. Abresch, 1959. Letters from Padre Pio, San Giovanni Rotondo, Casa Sollievo dillage, 1969. letter al padre spiriteche, Roma, Pro santitate, 1970. Correspondence with the Spiritual Directors, 1910-1922, San Giovanni Rotondo, Padre Pio da Pietrelcina, 1971; 1973; 1987.
Correspondence with the Adligen Raffaelina Cerase (1914-1915), San Giovanni Rotondo, Padre Pio da Pietrelcina, 1975; 2000. Correspondence with the spiritual daughters, 1915-1923, San Giovanni Rotondo, Padre Pio of Pietrelcina, 1977. Correspondence with various groups of people, San Giovanni Rotondo, Padre Pio da Pietrelcina, 1984; 1991; 1998. A thought for every day of the year, San Giovanni Rotondo, "Padre Pio of Pietrelcina" Monastery S. Maria delle Grazie, 1972.
Components, San Giovanni Rotondo, Edizioni Padre Pio da Pietrelcina, 1983. Father Pio - two-part mini-series television show on channel 5 of 2000. Father Pio - Tra celo et terrace - mini-series in two episodes produced by Rai in 2000. Father Pio - 2006 animated movie for television.
Father Pio aus Pietrelcina - The Crucifix without a Cross - 2007 Dokumentarfilm unter der Regie von Massimo My. Father Pio - La storia di un Santo - 2008 Documentary from the series La Grand Story by Rai 3. Father Pio S.p.A. - 2009 Documentary film from contemporary television.
From Pietrelcina - L'altro Padre Pio, the programme television 2000, curated by the journalist Luigi Ferraiuolo, with the largest television survey on Padre Pio and his training places in 2013. The Night of the Prophet - Padre Pio of Pietrelcina - 1995 movie. Father Pio from Pietrelcina - 1997 movie directed by Alberto Rondalli.
The choice of the name of religious could be made in honour of the venerated martyr in today's church of Sant'Anna in Pietrelcina or in honour of the provincial father Pio da Benevento. cf. Luigi Peroni, Padre Pio da Pietrelcina, Roma, Borla, 1991. Piergiorgio Odifreddi, Because we cannot be Christians (and less than ever Catholics), Mailand, Longanesi, 2007, S. 235.
Yves Chiron, Padre Pio: A road of mercy, Paulines, 1997, S. 223. From Elena Bergadano, Padre Pio: il Profumo dell' Amore, Paoline, 1999, S. 102 ^ Riccardo Abati, San Pio da Pietrelcina, 2012. Cazzullo, "Padre Pio, un immenso ingananno", "Corriere of the Sera", 25. Oktober 2007.
abc p. Pellegrino Funicelli, Padre Pio e la gerarchia dolla Chiesa (DOC), auf archiviopadrepio.it. Giacomo Galeazzi, Padre Pio, endless fight A book reopens the case: exuberant cheater or victim of Pope John? Saverio Gaeta, Andrea Tornielli, Padre Pio, l'ultimo sospetto: la verità sul frate delle stimmate, Casale Monferrato (Alessandria), Piemme, 2008.
Andrea Tornielli, Padre Pio's stigmata? From the report of October 4, 1921, written by the Apostolic Visitor, Brother Raffaello C., Bishop of Volterra; reported by "Padre Pio in Investigation", by Francesco Castelli, Edizioni Ares, 2008, p. 150. ^ Francesco Castelli, quoted work, p. 175-176. Pier Angelo Gramaglia, Padre Pio da Pietrelcina.
Luigi Accattoli, Padre Pio, tomb reopened after 40 years, in the Corriere of the Sera, 3 March 2008. Andrea Tornielli, Vi racconto, kommt vom korpo von Padre Pio, in il Giornale, 23. April 2008. Crowd for the exhibition Padre Pio. Thousands for the brother of Pietrelcina, in the Repubblica, April 24, 2008.
Padre Pio, worldwide live exhibition, at the Corriere of the Sera, 25 April 2008. In 8 million for the remains of Padre Pio, in the Corriere of the Sera, September 24, 2009. Guiseppe Cavaciocchi, Padre Pio of Pietrelcina. Guiseppe De Rossi, Padre Pio da Pietrelcina, Rome, G. Berlutti, 1926.
Albert Del Fante, A padre Pio di Pietrelcina. To Padre Pio of Pietrelcina, Bologna, Galleri, 1931. Father Pio di Pietrelcina, der erste stigmatisierte Priester, Bologna, Galleri, 1932; Bologna, Aldina, 1940; Bologna, Anonima Arti Grafiche, 1942; 1943. Albert Del Fante, Padre Pio di Pietrelcina, evaluated by the Catholic weekly Konnersrether-Sonntagsblatt, Bologna, Galleri, 1934.
Stigmata of his father Pio of Pietrelcina, Rome, Ferri, 1938. Towards the house of Padre Pio, Foggia, Casa Ed. Il Rinnovamento, 1940. Fifteen years after my first visit to Padre Pio of Pietrelcina. Pedriali, I have seen Padre Pio, Lucera, C. Catapano, 1947; Foggia, Spitze. Fifteen years after my first visit to Padre Pio of Pietrelcina.
Father Pio of Pietrelcina, the first stigmatized priest, Bologna, Anonima Arti Grafiche, 1948. Fiorentini Guido Greco, wonderful being of Padre Pio from Pietrelcina. Bologna, Franco Lotti, Padre Pio da Pietrelcina, deaf and dumb technical school, 1948. Albert Dalla Vera, The Mass of Padre Pio. Ho-vis Padre Pio da Pietrelcina.
Diary of three successful journeys to S. Giovanni Rotondo, s. I, s. n., 1950. Vinelli Padre Pio, Francis of Assisi in the 20th century. The Fabrizio De Santis, Padre Pio, Longanesi, Milan, 1966. Mr Enrico Malatesta, Padre Pio da Pietrelcina, Bologna, Edizioni Edison, 1992 ISBN 88-7237-627-0. Mr Renzo Allegri, Iiracoli di Padre Pio, Milan, Mondadori, 1993, ISBN 88-04-37242-7.
António Motta (Hrsg.), Vita di Padre Pio attracverso lettere, Mailand, Mondadori, 1995. Pio, La Spezia, Editoriale Zeus, 1996. Kenzo Allegri, Padre Pio. An un punto tra noir, Milano, Mondadori, 1998. Milan, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Spain, Italy, Spain, Italy, Italy, Italy, Spain, Spain, Italy, Italy, Spain, Italy, Spain, Italy, Italy, Spain, Spain, Italy, Italy, Spain, Spain, Italy, Spain, Italy, Spain, Spain, Italy, Spain, Spain, Spain, Spain, Italy, Spain, Italy, Spain, Spain, Italy, Spain, Spain, Italy, Italy, Spain, Italy, Italy, Spain, Italy, Italy, Italy, Spain, Italy, Italy, Italy, Spain, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Spain, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Spain, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Spain, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy, Spain, Italy, Italy, Italy, Italy
And Giovanni Scarale, I Canonetmbrini, Edizioni Pugliesi, 1998. Cammilleri Rino, Vita di Padre Pio, Casale Monferrato, Piemme, 1999, ISBN 88-384-4354-8. Father Carmelo Durante da Sessano del Molise, Father Pio, holy man of God. Father Pio da Pietrelcina. Guiseppe Esposito, Silvana Consiglio, Padre Pio. Siena Giulio Giovanni, Padre Pio und S. Giovanni Rotondo in den Zeichnungen von Providence, Foggia, Bastogi, 2002, ISBN 88-8185-465-1.
The Rocco De Rosa, L'universo di Padre Pio, s. l. Antonio Socci, Il saegreto di Padre Pio, Mailand, Rizzoli, 2007. Andrea Tornielli, Padre Pio, the last suspect. My friend Padre Pio, Giovanni Siena. Diary of thirty years lived next to the Saint of Pietrelcina, Milan, Rizzoli, 2010. Jose Maria Zavala, Padre Pio.
Il Pellegrino di Padre Pio, 2014, Edizioni Francesco Guarino, Padre Pio il Santo tra Niger - Vita, Miracoli und Testimonianze. Father Pio of Pietrelcina, through his school essays and L'Epistolario, Edizioni Padre Pio of Pietrelcina, 2015, ISBN 978-88-499-0177-1. ario Guarino, Santo fraudulent (Controstoria di padre Pio), Milan, Kaos, 1999. Cancrini Luigi, Psychiatric Expertise on Padre Pio, in MicroMega n. 3, 1999, pp. 194-200.
And Luigi Ferraiuolo, Da Pietrelcina. L'altro Padre Pio, Turin, La Fontana di Siloe, 2013. And Sergio Luzzatto, Padre Pio. Padre Pio dossier. Chronology and documents of a great deception, Milan, Kaos editions, 2009. La Storia Segreta di Padre Pio. Milan, Mimesis EDICIONI, 2010. Father Pio is under investigation.
Francis Castelli, Padre Pio and the Holy Office (1918-1939). Castelli, "L'accutato Gemelli è assolto", in Osservatore Romano, Freitag, 16. September 2011, S. 5. Castelli, "Stigmata sootto la lente del Sant'Uffizio: i casi di Padre Pio da Pietrelcina e di Therese Neumann", im Archivio italieno per la storia dellla Pieta, 26 (2013), 337-365.
Padre Pio da Pietrelcina, su Open Library, Internet Archives. Padre Pio da Pietrelcina, su Enciclopedia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Father Pio of Pietrelcina, on saints, blessed ones and witnesses, santiebeati.it. Sergio Luzzattos doubts about the stigmata of the brother of Pietrelcina: phenolic acid and veratrine? Father Pio, an immense deception, on corriere.it.