1990s Punk BandsPunk bands of the 90s
Origine del termine[a class="mw-editsection-visualeditor" href="/w/index.php and others ?
The term garge (also called Seattle sound) refers to a genre of hard music ( especially hard music alternatives) that has been produced since the second half of the 1980s mainly in the state of Washington in the United States of America, especially in the city of Seattle. The Seattle scene proved to be one of the most fertile in the world during those years, producing groups that mixed heterogeneous influences, mainly hard rock, punk rock and heavy metal, but also hardcore punk, psychedelic rock as well as post-hardcore.
It is still being discussed whether grill should be seen as a true musical genre or rather as a notion of convenience that catalogued groups that were musically distinct and had only Seattle origin in common. If this second interpretation is more convincing from the point of view of strict musical analysis, we must take into account, in favor of the first interpretation, the common musical composition of the Seattle groups, which are more predisposed than in other cities to cooperate between the different bands or to form hybrid bands with components belonging to different formations, or even from time to time to "take components to themselves" between the different bands.
The term gargoyles is a derivation of the adjective greengy, which was born around 1965 as the slang of muddy or muddy ("dirty", "dirty"). Green River and Mudhoney singer Mark arm is generally regarded as the first to use the term to refer to a musical genre. Poor first used the term in 1981 when he wrote a letter under the name Mark McLaughlin to the Seattle Desperate Times and his group, Mr. Epp, described it as "pure grunge!
Humphrey, editor of the Desperate Times, cites this as the first time the term has been used to refer to a Seattle group, and explains that Bruce Pavitt of Sub Pop made a major contribution to the dissemination of the term between 1987 and 1988 by using it several times to describe the music of Green River.
Years later, Arme explained, "Obviously, I didn't invent [the term]. The term was already used in Australia in the mid-1980s to define bands such as King Snake Roost, The Scientists, Salamander Jim and Beasts of Bourbon. Indeed, he used the term grill with descriptive intent, not as a musical genre, but later defined the tone of the Seattle scene.
As mentioned in the introduction, it is difficult to define grill exclusively musically because there is a lack of stylistic uniformity between the different groups that have done it more or less right and are part of it. However, there are some common elements, especially in the restoration of sounds that clearly come from either harddock or punk rock.
The Seattle sounds create a clear split with the 80s rock: the almost complete renunciation of synthesizers and keyboards as well as of any kind of "fashionable" effects on guitars, the return to simple instruments and impact (bass guitar battery), the rediscovery of the sounds of the sixties and seventies, with a complete rejection of the stadium sounds of the eighties and a kind of preference for distorted sounds and noises are the elements that stand out at first even with superficial listening.
Another catalyst among the groups of grunge can be found in the purposes of denunciation and the use of the musical instrument as a protest against the political and cultural establishment of the present. If you want to distinguish between the main bands, you could say that Nirvanas is closer to punk and noises, while the distinct sounds of Pearl Jam are close to traditional rocks, Soundgarden are a mixture of hard and punk, while Alice in Chains is certainly the closest to hard music.
The traditional "verse return style" song form (often praised/criticized by Nirvana conductor Kurt Cobain [without source]) is seen as a privileged scheme of a genre that directly refers to the company and eliminates too many frills and formalities. So much so that the lyrics of groups such as Pearl Jam, Alice in Chains and Nirvana themselves were defined as remarkable evidence of contemporary poetry, an element that, along with the peculiar voices of the Seattle scene, contributed to the emergence of the magnetic effect that characterized the best songs in the genre.
Ground music has its roots in Northwest American society, which in the mid-1980s was marked by plagues such as poverty, unemployment and drugs. With this in mind, it is considered that the grill was partly ideologically inspired by the American hardcore punk of the 80s. The city of Seattle, in particular, is proving to be a privileged centre of heroin consumption during these years: young people, in order to escape the boredom and evil of life, flee to music and create a highly localised music scene, defined in 1989 by the English journalist Melody Maker Everett True as "the most exciting that has been produced by a single city for at least 10 years".
The groups, as Michael Azerrad described widely in Kurt Cobain's biography, formed a united community of young people who visited the same premises and were distinguished by certain aesthetic characteristics: long hair, torn denim, often old and ruined Converse sneakers, matte T-shirts, heavy sweaters, often monochrome and checked flannel shirts (typical of the woodcutters of these places, the so-called "woodcutters").
From a musical point of view, it is much more complex to find a common line between the different representatives of the grunge: after the commercial success of Nirvana, this word was indeed used indiscriminately enough to categorize each volume with a sound based on the bass guitar battery three. Another element common to several grunge bands is the use of unusual rhythms for their compositions (especially the 7/8 rhythm).
That' s why you can indeed identify at least 4 styles in Grunge: the heavymetal inspired Grunge: Alice in Chains, L7, Gruntruck; the heavymetal + punk inspired Grunge: The Soundgarden, Tad; Punkrock-inspired GRUNG E (some of the bands in this style were inspired by the musical experience of Pixies): This genre includes Nirvana and Mudhoney, as well as all of their Emula like Bush; GRUNG E inspired by traditional and psychedelic rock:
The Pearl Jam, Screaming Trees, Stone Temple Pilots, Mother Love Bone, Temple of the Dog, Love Battery, Hole; Another technical feature that unites many of the Grunge bands is the use of chord sequences that move between different keys, or the use of chords outside the scale or dissonance that give the compositions a greater harmonic articulation than the styles at the roots of the Grunge.
Based on the birth of the grill movement there is the activity of an independent record label, Sub Pop by Jonathan Poneman and Bruce Pavitt, which has the preference to produce all the first records later called grill. In fact, it is a common mistake to talk about grunge as a musical genre: it would be more correct to talk about a musical movement that includes bands from the same city, united in the same time by common roots and incomparable mixes (see Mike).
A large number of bands from Seattle and the surrounding area worked with Sub Pop: the first were Green River and Melvins. The former, founded in 1983, is the connection to a certain hardrock classic, while the latter was mostly heavily influenced by the Black Sabbath reefs and inspired by Black Sabbath's inspiration of door music and Stoner rock, produced years later by bands like Kyuss and Fu Manchu.
The early singer was also the first to use the term grill with negative connotation, describing his music as "pure grill, absolute shit". Two bands emerged from the dissolution of Green River in 1988: Mudhoney, in which singer Mark Arm and guitarist Steve Turner found a place to continue the Green River genre stylistically and emphasize punkrock, and Mother Love Bone, where bassist Jeff Ament and guitarist Stone Gossard met.
The latter line-up also featured singer Andrew Wood (singer, together with his brother Kevin, of the now disbanded Malfunkshun band), a roommate of Chris Cornell, singer of Soundgarden. Wood's death enabled the San Diego singer Eddie Vedder (then a gas station) to join the group, which was first called Mookie Blaylock and later Pearl Jam.
Meanwhile, Kurt Cobain left Fecal Matter and laid the groundwork for Grunge's success, forming Nirvana with bassist Krist Novoselic, drummer Chad Channing and guitarist Jason Everman, who provided Kurt Cobain with nothing but financial aid by lending him $600 (never returned), which he responded by putting it on the cover even though he was not involved in the production of the album.
Like Kurt Cobain, Layne Staley also formed a group together with Jerry Cantrell, Mike Starr and Sean Kinney: Alice in Chains, who won the gold record with their debut album Facelift (1990) and sold a million copies in the United States alone. The worldwide commercial success of the genre lies in 1991, the year the album Nevermind by Nirvana was released for the record label Geffen Records.
The album and especially the single Singles Like Teen Spirit showed the world a new way to understand music. Nirvana's music certainly had more melodic characteristics than its predecessors. Pearl Jam were thus candidates for representatives of a different way of understanding GRUNGEM USIC, with explicit references to traditional Rock, less nihilistic than Nirvana's point of view, and sometimes more intimate, but not contemptuous, stylistically rabid and decisive episodes.
In 1992 Dirt by Alice in Chains was released by singer Layne Staley and guitarist Jerry Cantrell, the successor to Facelift 1990, who showed the world the darkest, darkest and most depressed side of GRUNGGE music, in this case understood in its most metallic sense. In 1992 the movie Singles was released with the musical contribution of many grunge bands.
In the eighties one of the most important genres dominating sales charts in the USA and beyond was heavy Metal. Among all its subgenres it can be considered the most predominant and popular in terms of sales was Hair Metals, most representatives were groups such as Van Halen, Mötley Crüe, Bon Jovi, Guns N' Roses, Europe, Def Leppard, Faster Pussycat, L.A. Guns, Dokken, Winger and Ratt.
Certainly, the most important event that caused the decline in the amount of harem was the increase in grunge. With the rise of grizzly, which soon became the most successful genre, many happy bands realized that their record companies no longer offered support. Many majors even started to take an interest in the grunge bands and broke contracts with most bald bands (a striking example is Geffen versus Nirvana).
An article in Q Magazine once wrote to its readers: "Kurt Cobain's greatest success was the destruction of happy metal". A lot of grizzly or alternate rock bands, who had prevailed with anti-conformist attitudes, signed contracts with the biggest record companies, while on the contrary many of today's out-of-fashion happy bands, snubbed by critical fans and big record companies, were forced to sign with small independent labels.
In fact, the phenomenon of gratification caused the dissolution and decline of many bands in the stream. Other groups such as Poison, Mötley Crüe, L.A. Guns or Warrant paradoxically decided to introduce their own sounds similar to grill and alternative skirt so as not to sink and not to be downloaded from their labels, also to keep the number of copies sold high, which often led to a hole in the water.
Another case of rivalry between the two currents was the encounter between Axl Rose of the Guns N'Roses and Kurt Cobain. In fact, Rose came into contact with Cobain during the 1992 MTV Video Music Awards. A big Nirvana supporter, Axl Rose asked Cobain to open Guns N' Roses concerts with his own group in a joint concert touring, and Kurt (in response) mocked Axl with the press.
After rejecting the offer, Cobain began to talk badly about Guns N' Roses and Roses in various different publications, claiming that they were "pathetic and talentless" (ironically, both bands were signed to Geffen). Rose's response challenged Cobain to a fight during the same 1992 MTV Video Music Awards after Cobain's wife Courtney Love jokingly asked Rose if she wanted to be the godfather of her daughter Frances Bean.
A number of Haaretal bands who blamed Kurt Cobain for the decline of their genre, such as bands like Tuff, recently released the album The Historical of Tuff, where "American Haaret al Band" in the opening track condemned Cobain and Grunge by praising the 1980s and the Haaret al-Baret.
The popularity of Grunge was relatively short and was abruptly interrupted by the rise of more radio-friendly bands that decreed the end of all the cultural traits that led to Grunge. A new genre was born, the post-grunge. Fans of the first hour of grilling immediately rejected these new bands as Candlebox, Creed and called them bands that were sold or built at the table by big record companies.
However, in many cases these bands have achieved very good sales results. The end of the genre coincides with certain key events for many fans of grunge: the suicide of Cobain in 1994, the dissolution of the pioneers Soundgarden in 1997. Heroin abuse, however, remains one of the main factors in the destruction of many protagonists of many Grunge bands: Kurt Cobain of Nirvana and 2002 Layne Staley of Alice in Chains.
However, there is no doubt that the movement itself did not extinguish the components of the " grunge ". Those who left the ship considered to be completed actually went on in many valid directions. If grasses have few competitors for their fertility, they certainly hold the record for contamination. Just as Courtney Love of Hole has an affair with Billy Corgan of Smashing Pumpkins before she marries Kurt Cobain, so guitarist James Iha plays in Pumpkins and bassist Melissa Auf der Maur goes through Hole, then Iha replaces Troy van Leeuwen in A Perfect Circle, the former guitarist of Queens of the Stone Age, a group in which Dave Grohl and Mark Lanegan work together.
It - STORIA DEL ROCK: IL GRUNGE Gone on February 9, 2008 at the Internet Archive. <font color="#ffff00">Retro-Junk, Hair Metal vs. Grunge; Just Who <font color="#ffff00">su retrojunk.com. Text of "American Hair Band" filed in Internet archives on July 20, 2009.